A technique of playing with how to launch your finger up or down without releasing the string. This will result in a rising tone down gently, without a separate tone. Bow in the wind like a wind instrument. It is a determinant of the level of expressiveness game cellist. The right hand holds the bow and set the duration and character of tone. Bow drawn across the strings roughly perpendicular to the direction of the string. The bow is held with all five fingers, the thumb opposite the other fingers and closer to the cellist's body. The position of the hands should be relaxed, with the position of the fingers curved, including the thumb. Load displacement of the hand toward the bow happens through the pronation (rotation into) arm, which pushes the finger with the middle finger slightly shift. Behind the power generated by the thumb. Little finger to help in controlling the direction of the bow against the strings and the bow is very important in controlling the release position of the strings.
Bows usually played perpendicular to the strings. In conducting wire transfer, the arm slightly lowered or lifted, with a slight movement of the wrist to keep him. However, the necessary flexibility in the movement of the wrist from the bow to bow down and vice versa. In a game with a fast bow movements, the wrist is used to perform horizontal movement. In a rather long friction, this part of the arm and wrist are used.
The tone and volume depends on several factors combined. The three most important factors are: bow speed, weight applied to the string, and the contact point between the bow hair with the string. A good player will be able to play tunes that are difficult,will be capable of against the tendency to play with full force on the arc closest to the connection, and the weak force on the tip. The closer to bow bridge, the sound will be louder and clearer, it ekstim (sul Ponticello) will produce a metallic sound and sparkling. If the bow closer to the fingerboard (sul tasto), the resulting sound will be noticeably smoother, more mellow, and less assertive.
Double stop the game includes two tones at a time. Two strings are pressed simultaneously, and then bow swiped to create a second string produces a sound. Triple quartle stop and stop can also be played, but it is rather difficult considering the changes in the curve of the bridge. To deepen the techniques in this regard, Frances-Marie Uitti find double bow system: one bow plays on top and one on the bottom, which makes triple and quadruple stops can be played.
In the game pizzicato, string directly drawn with a finger or thumb. Do it with the right hand, while the bow is pulled away from the string or placed. A string can be played pizzicato, with a double, triple, or quadruple stops can be applied. Sometimes, players can swipe a string with the right hand and simultaneously pull the other strings with your left hand. It is marked with a "+" above the note.
Col legno is the technique where the player uses the wood of the bow in the hair scraped strings. This is a percussive technique (called col legno battuto) in a tone that did not last too long. Techniques play a more bizarre is col legno trato, played with charming wood across the strings as well as hair bows scraped strings.
In the game spicato, dawi not swiped but beaten, retaining their horizontal movement, to produce a crisp and percussive sounds. This can be done by dive wrist. Spiccato usually associated with the game more lively. On a violin, the bow is released from the strings, while the cello bow rises quickly without regardless of the strings.
In staccato, the player slightly swiping his bow and then stop, menghasilkansuara short, which then was silent.
Legato is a technique where a soft tone connected without emphasis or pause.