Music of the Romantic Era 1820 - 1900
German composers such as Beethoven's Sturm und Drang movement responded and made the turn style musical and aesthetic attitude that is more personal, nationalistic, free, and made the hallmark of Romantic. Limitation comes from the romantic German literature in the late 18th century, a Franco-Swiss writer named Mme de Stael linking new ideas with movements that occurred in 1813 as something original, modern, popular, natural, religious, and enforcement institutions -social institutions.
Romantic music is different from the previous style and are often said to be opposed to the classic because her character is emotional, subjective, nationalist, individual, exotic, escape, free lust, and even irrational. Romanesque style properties are determined by the efforts of the composers who enrich the sources of inspiration and material sources for their composition.
Orchestra, piano music, vocal solo with piano accompaniment, and opera used as the main types of music, but the chamber music and vocal music compliments rather marginalized. Even-numbered and odd metric metric metric used as the basis of music, but also sometimes performed experiments combining the two is not unusual. Rhythm is recognized as an essential core of the problem of expression in music. The style emphasized melody comes from singing style characterized by long and furrows lyrics.
On the other hand the new possibilities are idiomatic to the instrument dispositive explored and developed. The elements of tonal harmony and continuously developed over the centuries, with chromatism, for example, with chord sonority enriched seven and nine chords, and sounds used non-harmonis much more freely. Modulations getting away from tonal, but the music is still centered on melody and harmony.
Beethoven was a transitional figure who sends the Classical style of the 18th century Romantic style towards the late 19th century. It is the most phenomenal composer in the history of diatonic music as determined in the show personalitas and personal character through the composition-composition. Inspired by the revolutionary forces at the time, especially the French Revolution, they declare themselves as reformers artistic independence, free from the influence of power or particular patron.
At first he created the music for the sake of fulfilling orders and financial rewards, but then in 1820 he began declaring himself the freedom to create music and write music if driven only by the imagination and heart word alone. He has set such aspects of individuality, subjectivity, and emotional expression as the standard Romantic composers. Independence or freedom (freedom) is a word that is attached to the composer's most phenomenal, he dared to resist the Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte through the Symphony No. 3 Eroica which later became a milestone Romantic music. Beethoven's music world appears as a poet is able to penetrate the boundaries of Western culture.